The King appoints the Head of Government from the political party that presided over the elections of the members of the House of Representatives on the basis of their results. The members of the Government are appointed on the proposal of its President (article 47 of the Constitution). After the King appoints its members, the Head of Government shall present the respective Houses of Parliament and present the program intends to implement. The program shall be the subject of debate before both Houses, followed by a vote in the House of Representatives (Article 88 of the Constitution). The Government shall be deemed to be in office after obtaining the confidence of the House of Representatives expressed by the vote of an absolute majority of the members composed of them in favor of the government program (article 88 of the Constitution).
The Kingdom's new constitution voted on in a referendum in July 2011, carried a qualitative shift in the powers of the "Head of Government", a designation that replaced the "Head of Government" under this constitution. The most important powers of the head of government can be summarized as follows:
The head of government exercises executive power and may delegate some of his powers to ministers (article 90 of the constitution).
The Head of Government presides over the Government Council, which deliberates on the following issues and texts: the general policy of the State before they are submitted to the Council of Ministers, Public policies, sectoral policies, current issues related to human rights and public order, draft laws, including the Finance draft law before they are deposited in the Office of the House of Representatives without prejudice to the provisions of Article 49 of the Constitution, decree-laws, draft regulatory decrees, draft decrees referred to in Articles 65, 66 and 70 of the Constitution, international treaties and conventions before they are submitted to The Council of Ministers appoints general secretaries, directors of central administrations in public administrations, presidents of universities and deans, directors of schools and higher institutions, as well as an appointment to the remaining senior positions referred to in Organic Law No. 12-02.
The Head of Government shall brief the King on the conclusions of the deliberations of the Council of Government.
The Head of Government may request the convening of the Council of Ministers (Article 48 of the Constitution) and deliberate on the strategic directions of state policy, draft constitutional revision projects, draft regulatory laws, general orientations of the finance bill, draft laws - framework, draft amnesty law, draft texts related to the military field, declaration of a state of siege, declaration of war, draft decree dissolving the House of Representatives, appointment to some civilian positions and appointment of officials responsible for strategic institutions and contracts.
The Head of Government, with the authorization of the King, may preside over the Council of Ministers on the basis of a specific agenda (Article 48 of the Constitution).
The head of government, with the authorization of the King, can preside over the Higher Security Council on the basis of a specific agenda (article 54 of the Constitution).
The Head of Government shall be appointed to civil positions in public administrations and to senior positions in public institutions and enterprises, without prejudice to the provisions of Article 49 of the Constitution. He may delegate this power (article 91 of the Constitution).
The Head of Government shall propose candidates for appointment to the civil positions provided for in Article 49 of the Constitution.
The Head of Government may request the King to dismiss one or more members of the Government.
The Head of Government may request the King to dismiss one or more members of the Government based on their resignation, individual or collective. The resignation of the Head of Government shall result in the dismissal of the entire Government. The outgoing Government shall continue to conduct ongoing affairs until the formation of the new Government.
The Head of Government shall submit answers to questions relating to public policy before the Chamber of Parliament concerned, which shall be allocated a session each month (Article 100 of the Constitution).
The head of government shall present to Parliament the interim outcome of the Government's work, either on his own initiative or at the request of one-third of the members of the House of Representatives or the majority of the members of the House of Councillors (article 101 of the Constitution).
The Head of Government may apply for a vote of confidence in respect of a statement made on a matter of public policy, or a text for approval. The withdrawal of confidence leads to the collective resignation of the Government (article 103 of the Constitution).
The Head of Government may dissolve the House of Representatives after consulting the King, the President of the Council, and the President of the Constitutional Court, by a decree adopted by a Council of Ministers (Article 104 of the Constitution).
The head of government also has the right to propose laws (article 78 of the Constitution).